Economic Policy

The state and economic growth

It sounds paradoxical, but: Sub-Saharan Africa is on the one hand one of the poorest regions in the world, while on the other some African countries have the fastest-growing economies in the world. Studies on Europe and East Asia show that the state plays a major role in the design and promotion of a self-sustaining growth process. To what extent African states, which are often described as "weak", are able to perform this task and what sociopolitical preconditions have to be met for this are key questions in the economic policy work line.

Structural transformation and industrial policy

Economic growth is not an end to itself. This is obvious especially in the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa that display significant disparities in income and in which the majority of the population continues to live in extreme poverty. The economic growth required therefore has to create as many jobs as possible at all levels of training and qualification. In many countries of the continent, current growth is based solely on the export of natural resources, however, contributing little to the reduction of poverty and inequality. That is why African economic systems need to undergo structural transformation: its scarcely diversified, primarily agricultural, economies have to be transformed - in the direction of a sustainable agriculture including more processed agricultural goods, manufacturing and services.

Such structural transformation requires the state to pursue an active economic and industrial policy. The key challenge at the same time is to achieve a balance between urgently needed economic growth and inclusive development with ecological sustainability. Actors such as parliaments, civil society organisations and researchers must be included in internal societal processes seeking solutions in order to ensure that democratic principles underlie these processes.

Publications

Promouvoir un développement inclusif et durable en faveur de la réduction de la pauvreté et des inegalités au Mali

le défi du plein emploi
Bamako

Download publication (400 KB, PDF-File)


Ggoobi, Ramathan; Wabukala, Benard Musekese; Ntayi, Joseph

Economic development and industrial policy in Uganda

Kampala

Download publication (2,8 MB PDF-File)


Bollrich, Elisabeth

Von Abkommen und Voneinanderabkommen

Die Handelspartnerschaft der EU mit Afrika
Berlin

Download publication (90 KB, PDF-File)


La Zone de libre-échange continentale (ZLEC) en Afrique, vue sous l'angle des droits de l'homme

Rapport
Geneva

Download publication (1,2 MB PDF-File)


Kaiser, Jürgen

Making the global financial system more resilient

A regional/group-wise approach to sovereign debt workouts
Berlin

Download publication (270 KB, PDF-File)


  • Contact

    Contact

    Christopher Forst

    Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
    Africa Department
    Hiroshimastr. 17
    10785 Berlin

     0049 30-269 35-75 16

    0049 030-269 35-92 17

    E-Mail

  • Expertise
    Bild: von FES 

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