Mozambique only achieved its political independence from Portugal in 1975. Since the end of the civil war in 1992 and the launch of a pluralist constitution in 1994, the country has been undergoing a process of political and economic transformation. All elections since then have been won by the FRELIMO Party, which has governed since independence. The current President, Felipe Nyusi, is at the same time Party Chairman. The borderlines between the party, government and business are very hazy: combating corruption, decentralisation of the public administration and strengthening of rule of law are therefore among the most pressing tasks.

Following the conclusion of a peace agreement between the former factions in the civil war, Mozambique was for a long time held to be an example of successful conflict resolution in Africa. The rekindling of violence between oppositional RENAMO forces and government troops since 2013 reveals, however, the challenges that securing a sustainable peace and inclusive economic development pose. The poverty rate remains high in spite of long years of development efforts, while disparities in income are on the rise. One of the key challenges in coming years will be to use major reserves of wood, gas and coal for a socially balanced, just and sustainable development of the country.

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) therefore works with its partners on the ground in various work lines on the topics of sustainable development and just distribution of income. At the same time, it supports civil society groups in the process of democratisation and economic transformation.

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has had a project office in Maputo since 1984 and cooperates with political parties, the national cooperative association, trade unions, civil society advocacy groups and universities. In addition to this, FES Mozambique steers regional working lines on security policy cooperation and the party dialogue as well as gender justice.

Learn more about our work in Mozambique on the project's website.


Comunidades costeiras

perspectivas e realidades
Maputo, 2017

Download publication

Barómetro africano da media

o primeiro exercício de análise concebido localmente sobre situaçao dos media em África ; Moçambique 2014
Windhoek, 2015

Download publication (1,2 MB PDF-File)

Borges Coelho, João Paulo

African approaches to maritime security

Southern Africa
Maputo, 2014

Download publication (2,8 MB PDF-File)

Hofmann, Katharina

Economic transformation in Mozambique

implications for human security
Berlin, 2013

Download publication (715 KB, PDF-File)

Vieira Mário, Tomás

Guia de reforma das políticas e legislação da comunicação social em Moçambique

Maputo, 2012

Download publication (2,6 MB PDF-File)

Africa Department

Contact in Germany

Thomas Greven

Hiroshimastraße 17
10785 Berlin

030-269 35-75 23

030-269 35-92 17


Mozambique Office

Martina Hennecken Andrade

Caixa Postal 3694
MOC Maputo

00258-21-49 12 31

00258-21-49 02 86


nach oben