Cameroon achieved its independence in 1960 and has been under autocratic rule since then. In the person of Paul Biya, Cameroon has had a President leading the country since 1982 who largely suppresses attempts at achieving a democratic transition. Officially, although Cameroon is a multi-party democracy, in de facto terms it is a one-party state that is controlled by the government party, Rassemblement démocratique du Peuple Camerounais (RDPC).

In spite of being re-elected in presidential elections in 2011, Biya's government has come under increasing pressure, as is underscored in a manifold way by current anti-corruption proceedings against former high officeholders. The President lacks legitimacy as a result of manipulations of elections, deficits in freedom of assembly and speech and rampant corruption. Moreover, the list of achievements produced by his 30 years of rule is exceedingly scanty. The country's economic and social woes are mounting continuously while the social climate is deteriorating at a quickening pace. On top of all this, institutional arrangements have been made regarding succession to the President, but no arrangements with regard to individuals, which means that there may be open struggles for succession in which the ethnic dimension and the lack of prospects of a very young population will play a crucial role. At the same time, attacks and suicide bombings by Boko Haram in the northern regions of Cameroon are having a worrisome impact on the security and stability of the country, putting the government under additional pressure.

The region of Central Africa displays many of the functional deficits that apply to Cameroon and that have an impact in the form of high levels of human insecurity and poor economic and social indicators. That is why the work of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) seeks to strengthen reform-oriented societal and political forces from political parties, trade unions and civil society and in particular include women and young people as well in order to improve democratic participation in decision-making processes. Moreover, the office in Yaoundé has been working with different partners since 1987 - government institutions, various political parties, forces of civil society and trade unions - in particular including from the DR Congo - on issues involving the region of Central Africa.


Kilembe, Faouzi

Assurer la sécurité en République Centrafricaine

mission impossible?
Yaounde, 2015

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Kilembe, Faouzi

Die Gewährleistung der Sicherheit in der Republik Zentralafrika: "Mission impossible?"

Yaounde, 2015

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Onuoha, Freedom C.

A danger not to Nigeria alone

Boko Harams's transnational reach and regional responses
Abuja, 2014

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La voix de la jeunesse: reforme du secteur de l'education en faveur de l'emploi des jeunes

Yaounde, 2014

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Voice of youth on education sector reform for youth employment

Yaounde, 2014

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  • Contact

    Africa Department

    Contact in Germany

    Anne Felmet

    Hiroshimastr. 17
    10785 Berlin

    +49 30-269 35-74 72

    +49 30-269 35-92 17


    Contact in Cameroon

    Cameroon Office

    Nina Netzer
    BP 11 939
    CM Yaoundé

    00237-222 21 29 96

    00237-222 21 52 74


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