If you were given a possibility, would you vote in the next elections by Internet?
R e s u l t s & R e s p o n s e s


	You answered:	 [ YES ]   	[ NO ]        [ NOT SURE ]
		           50%	  	  40%	           10%


Mirgün Cabas
mcabas@atv.com.tr
Turkey, Reporter

Comment: if it's safe, why not?


Stefan Genrich
genrich@muenster.de
Germany, Journalist

Comment: In generally I would prefer to give my vote via Internet, but actually this possibility of taking part in an election is not sure enough.


A. Sofie Jannusch
cameco@compuserve.com
Germany, Dipl.-Journalist, Cameco

Comment: I don't trust the secrecy of the electronic lines; I need the procedure - election day as something special.


Joseph Anthony Guzman
jguzman@netspace.net.au
AUSTRALIA, STATE LIBRARY OF VICTORIA

Comment: Internet is a fair go for everyone that needs say something about freedom of speech


Ilko Vakarelov
ilko@kardjali.ttm.bg
Bulgaria, NGO's Executive Director

Comment: This is a great idea, but not every one have possibility to do it.


Adda Schmidt-Ehry
adda.schmidt-ehry@t-online.de
Germany, family management

Comment: Yes, if one could make sure that no misuse could be done with my vote


Andreas Gareißen
Gareißen@aol.com
Germany

Comment: I'm not sure, that the internet is safe. And i think, that some persons are trying to use the intermet Vote in a wrong way. Tey'll find a way to vote illegal for other persons.


Jarod Parker
wr1@rcs.urz.tu-dresden.de
Student

Comment: I would say "Yes", IF every person has the opportunity to use the Internet.Furthermore, there must be a great amount of information on the pages (programs and aims of the parties).Besides, portraits of the party leaders would be pretty nice.


Thomas A.M.Heufelder
Phoenix.humanitarian.demining@tonline.de
Germany, CEO, Director Marketing

Comment: Elections by internet are a great idea. But, it must be absolutely sure, that the elections cannot be manipulated. When you think about the power of Bill Gates and other people in the background of internet - servers a big ? is still making minds if this medium is free as it should be.


Marc Brueser
2191865@smail.uni-koeln.de
Germany, Student

Comment: I think that every form of participation should be used. I would only abstain from voting if the voting system has very grave shortcomings. The internet voting system would have to be analysed!



Should journalists join political parties or be openly active in political causes?
R e s u l t s & R e s p o n s e s


	You answered:	 [ YES ]   	[ NO ]        [ NOT SURE ]
		           59%	  	  23%	           18%


Mr. Rastislav Blasko
Slovakia, State empoyer

Comment:  Journalists are not independent in right sense of word. They could or could not join parties, it is up them. But every commnetary are not independent.



Liesbeth van der Sluijs
Netherlands, IISG

Comment:  journalists should be as independent as they can, i.e. they must know about politics, norms/values, etc. Liberal but left, and clear about it. Greetings, Liesbeth v.d. Sluijs, Amsterdam



Thomas Albert
Germany, Student

Comment:  jouranalists should have the possibility to jaoin parties like everyone else. Being member of a  partie doesn┤t make an opinion, it┤s just showing an existing oppinion. But the membershipp schouldn┤t make them blind for facts.
Journalists should be able to see the facts clearly and objective. But i┤m not sure if it is possible for all journalists to do it this way.



Manuel Alejandre
Spain, Universitat de Valencia

Comment:  We should differentiate properly that journalism concerning opinion and that concerning only information. It should be clear when reading a newspaper or watching TV which of this two kind of journalism are we getting. I think that those journalist who work on opinion can perfectly have an active political position.



David Rabanus
Germany, Student

Comment:  If they join political parties their goals should coincide with the parties' goals (otherwise it wouldn't make sense to join a party). So their journalism is politically biased.
If they don't it seems to be a more unfiltered journalism but it is not necessarily that way. However, a personal influence on the 'receivers' of journalists will always remain.



Madhavan Atchuthan
Czech Republic, World Federation of Trade Unions

Comment:  It is good for the political future of a country if all citizens become politically involved.  Professionalising political work may have produced expertise but not high standards of human behaviour.  Hence the need for more involvement and social commitment.



Christoph Morck
jef Deutschland

Comment:  yes, of course, they should. richtig unabhaenigige tageszeitungen gibt es laengst nicht mehr. jede zeitung ist einem bestimmten politischen spektrum zuzuordnen. die konsequenz aus dieser tatsache waere, journalisten auch ein parteibuch zuzugestehen.

mfg
christoph morck



Richard E. Ebert
USA, retired

Comment:  Idealy, journalists should be unbiased to present all the facts uncolored with their own bias.  This optimum can never be attaained but should be strived for by every journalist.



Sonja Wild
Germany, student, SPD-activist

Comment:  As journalists are not free of political opinions (as well as the newspapers they write in) it is absolutelly no problem to have journalists who declare their membership in a political party. No journalist has ever been(or could ever be) politically objective,nor do I want them to be.



Siegfried Mokosch
Germany, BfA

Comment:  Nur gegen Gage


Do the new multimedia technologies serve the ideas of a democratic media?
R e s u l t s & R e s p o n s e s


	You answered:	 [ YES ]   	[ NO ]        [ NOT SURE ]
		           44%	  	  28%	           28%

Kai Malmus
(student of communication research at Freie Universität Berlin)

Comment: How do we define multimedia technologies (MT)? In my opinion they are just a compilation of different audio-visual media we had before in one device. What makes MT a possible agent for democratic ideas is the electronic way of communicating, i.e. its border-crossing immediacy and the lack of ranking or evaluating opinions. The impact lies on what you say, not who says what. In electronic communication all bytes are equal; any utterance you make is a publication and may easily be made subject to worldwide netsearch services. There are no editorial selection processes to be surmounted - just feed it to the grassroots - there is space enough for everything.

But this doesn't necessarily mean MT are serving democratic ideas only, better name them pluralistic (which is a democratic item, anyway). The Iranian revolution in the 70ies was heavily supported by VCR and could have been easily spread via Internet in the 90ies (if there hasn't been that war inbetween); neo-fashists have their web-sites nowadays. Up to now, there is no expert-program to execute and select true democratic ideas only, and if, who would be going to define them ?

The strength of multimedia technologies lies in their direct and uncensored communication among people, the publishing of individual points of view which may become the views of a group or even a movement. But their weakness lie in the basic demand of having your own computer to run that kind of communication. How could one speak of a democratic device when access means a minimum investigation of $ 1,000 ? Particularly in developing countries or even in lower middle-class households of the industrialized (or should I say, electronified) countries today ?

Let's make multimedia technologies an everyday household item ! Its value as democratic device may then be discussed again - on hard facts.


Rainer Grosser

Comment: These technologies could serve the ideas of a democratic media - if there were not the inevitable economic interests. The net for example must be paid: So using the net is also a question of ROI. I am not sure whether or not the economical interests are stronger than those of democracy. Unfortunately history shows not many examples that we could be optimistic.


Dr. Walter Nachtmann

Comment: 1. Das Internet kann zur Demokratisierung beitragen, denn es ist bisher keinen hierarchischen Strukturen ausgeliefert. Die urspruenglichen Inernetbenutzer haben eine relativ ohne Bildung, was bei der Diskussion nicht vergessen werden sollte.

2. Die derzeitige Entwicklung des Netzes hinzu einem Freizeitangebot, das mehr und mehr auf Konsumbasis aufgebaut ist und sich langfristig an der Gewinnmaximierung orientiert, laesst das Internet und Multimedia in Teilen und fuer einfachere Leute zu einer Erweiterung des Konsumfernsehns werden.

3. Daraus ergibt sich, dass das Internet und Miltimedia ebenso wie das Fernsehn eine zweigeteilte Gesellschaft bzw. zweigeteilte Nutzergurppen haben werden. Ein Teil konsumiert nur und der andere Teil konsumiert UND kommuniziert.


Are the media able - and willing - to create a European identity?
R e s u l t s & R e s p o n s e s


	You answered:	 [ YES ]   	[ NO ]        [ NOT SURE ]
		           45%	  	  22%	           33%

Dr. Dieter Kugelmann
Germany

Comment: In my opinion the media are absolutely necessary to create Europe. Without information there is no integration. We need to learn on common features of Europe and also on differences.


Dennis Engbarth, Freelance Journalist
Taiwan

Comment: Should journalists join political parties or be openly active in political causes?
In Taipei earlier this month there was an interesting case in which reporters covering the Taipei City Council vocally protested (including with placards and shouted slogans) an on-going discussion in the council on the issue of pensions for councilmembers, declaring that such a proposal was tantamount to "self-fattening" of the councilmembers.
This protest and continued criticism in the media effectively closed off any rational discussion of the proposal, which may have been motivated by some self-interest but is also not entirely unreasonable, particularly as it would allow people who do not have strong finances or are lawyers to be representatives. In any case, it raised in rather stark form the issue of a journalist's role in either reporting or actively participating in political action and may be worth discussing.



Tom Sliskovic, Algonquin College
Canada

Comment: Creating one european identity isn`t desirable.
It's bad enough that our media in Canada have moved ahead to create an american identity. Diversity is better than homogonization.


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© Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
      net edition o l a
               1997