Women´s Issues After Beijing
Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women
Positions - Networks - Results
"Education is a human right and an essential tool for achieving the goals of equality, development and peace". In real life, this human right invoked in the Platform applies less to women than to men. The Platform proves in its analysis of access to primary and advanced education and training for girls and women that discriminatory mechanisms exist in all countries, either generally or selectively.
Primary education for millions of women and girls not yet attained
More than two-thirds of the 960 million illiterate adults are women. Roughly 100 million children are as yet without access to primary schooling, including "at least 60 million girls". Discrimination is also the result of gender-biased curricula, reinforcing one-sided role models.
More than 660 million female illiterates
Even at a very early age, there is a double burden for girls of both
educational and domestic responsibilities. This often results in poor scholastic
performance. Girls drop out from school prematurely with early marriages
and pregnancies. In education and training the same mechanisms apply that
also bring about the lack of good health among women and girls and restrict
their development opportunities.
Strategies and actions to be taken
In line with the general demand of addressing the gender-specific impacts
of all levels of the educational system, the six strategic objectives and
fifty-seven actions to be taken commit Governments to:
Eliminate all external and internal barriers
By the year 2000, universal access to basic education should be provided
for all children and completion of primary education ensured for at least
80 percent. Universal primary education should be provided in all countries
by the year 2015.
Phased plan for primary education by 2015
Full and equal participation of women in educational policy- and decision-making
must be ensured. This also applies to the design of curricula and the organization
of career education programmes to encourage girls to widen their future
career opportunities. It is necessary "to ensure that women of all
ages can acquire the knowledge, capacities, aptitudes and ethical values
needed to develop and to participate fully under equal conditions in the
process of social, economic and political development".
Iranian women doing the entrance test at the University Amir Kabir
© Friedrich Ebert Stiftung | technical support | Net Edition mv&ola | Oktober 1997